Ethnicities in Vietnam
Vietnam has 54 ethnic groups. Each has its own language and culture, creating a richness of Vietnamese culture.
On the basis of linguistic families, ethnicities are divided into 8 groups:
- Viet-Muong Group: Kinh, Chut, Muong and Tho.
- Thai Group: Bo Y, Giay, Lao, Lu, Nung, San Chay, Tay and Thai.
- Mon-Khmer Group: Ba Na, Brau, Bru-Van Kieu, Cho-ro, Co, Co-ho, Co-Tu, Gie-trieng, Hre, Khang, Khmer, Kho-mu, Ma, Mang, M 'Nong, O-du, Ro-mam, Ta-Oi, Xinh-mun, Xo-Đang and Xtieng.
- Hmong-Dao Group: Dao, Mong (H’Mong) and Pa Then.
- Kadai group: Co Lao, La-chi, La Ha and Pu Peo.
- Austronesian Group: Cham, Chu-ru, E-Đe, Gia-rai and Raglai.
- Chinese Group: Hoa, Ngai and San Diu.
- Tibetan-Burmese Group: Cong, Ha Nhi, La Hu, Lo Lo, Phu La, Si La.
Obviously, populations of the same linguistic family understand each other more easily, even though their own languages are varied. Moreover, they are still distinguished by their geographical origins, customs and beliefs.
Among the 54 ethnic groups, the Kinh represent more than 85% of the population. They live by the rivers and deltas.
The majority of the other ethnic groups live in the mountainous region of the North and the Central Highlands. Some are made up of around a million people while others consist of only a hundred people.
In the north, ethnic minorities cultivate rice and raise domestic animals. They also produce well-made crafts. The ethnic groups in the Central Highlands cultivate tea or coffee.
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